Chalk One Up For (The Libertarians? Common Sense? )

Prostitution Reduces Rape

by Alex Tabarrok on October 31, 2017 at 7:34 am in Economics, Law | Permalink

A new paper in the American Economic Journal: Economic Policy by Bisschop, Kastoryano, and van der Klaauw looks at the opening and closing of prostitution zones (tippelzones) in 25 Dutch cities.

Our empirical results show that opening a tippelzone reduces sexual abuse and rape. These results are mainly driven by a 30–40 percent reduction in the first two years after opening the tippelzone. For tippelzones with a licensing system, we additionally find long-term decreases in sexual assaults and a 25 percent decrease in drug-related crime, which persists in the medium to long run.

Cunningham and Shah studied decriminalization of indoor prostitution in Rhode Island and found very similar results.

We exploit the fact that a Rhode Island District Court judge unexpectedly decriminalized indoor prostitution in 2003 to provide the first causal estimates of the impact of decriminalization on the composition of the sex market, rape offenses, and sexually transmitted infection outcomes. Not surprisingly, we find that decriminalization increased the size of the indoor market. However, we also find that decriminalization caused both forcible rape offenses and gonorrhea incidence to decline for the overall population. Our synthetic control model finds 824 fewer reported rape offenses (31 percent decrease) and 1,035 fewer cases of female gonorrhea (39 percent decrease) from 2004 to 2009.

read the rest here.

Different Strokes...

Top positive review

5.0 out of 5 starsA sweeping drama - top 10
ByAtreuyuon October 24, 2017
I have watched this film several times over the years. Enjoying it each time for all the reasons listed in many reviews; scenery, acting, story, drama, score, etc... But overall what I walk away with when I watch this film each time is a sense of duplicity. I am crying for joy and sadness at the same time. My heart is full of love and yet empty with ache. I feel great sense of joy watching, and yet great sense of sadness for the loss's. This film draws emotions from us that we do not let out often, and it makes us face them.

I know I will watch this movie again many times over the years, as it never loses its ability to create feelings.

Top critical review

3.0 out of 5 starsA movie about a messed up family. The plot ...
ByT. Leon October 16, 2017
A movie about a messed up family. The plot was all over the place, but overall it was decent.

Eugene Genovese's Anti-Capitalism

In arguing for the continuity in Eugene Genovese's thought, Stuart Schrader paraphrases his thinking this way:

In contrast to historians who preceded Genovese, however, he saw the social world of the enslaved and the masters as a unity, even if fundamentally cleaved. The chief difference between this non-capitalist system and capitalism is that slaveholders could not shrink their labor force without losing their investment in those enslaved bodies. In contrast, under capitalist competition shedding workers is key to maintaining or increasing profitability. Under capitalism, productivity increases are enabled by introduction of labor-saving machines, whereas to increase productivity under slavery, according to Genovese, slaveholders had to add bodies or more closely surveil and abuse the enslaved. Because the South thus lacked the economic dynamism associated with capitalism, it fell behind the North and could expand only extensively into new territories, rather than intensively, as the North did, through technological innovation.

Later on, Schrader gets into heavy duty socialist theorizing. Apparently, because a in 1751 a sea captain jettisoned sick slaves to save the remainder under the condition that the cargo was insured and the slaves not, Schrader concludes that insurance itself was at fault and that is a product of capitalism so capitalism must go.

Journalism Was Ever Thus

Jacques Barzun's cultural history, From Dawn to Decadence, describes the rise of journalism. We hear many complaints nowadays of bias in the media, and it is hard to deny the justice of the claims. But apparently, it was ever so:

The journalist developed into a social type, exemplified in the London of the years of our concern [ca. 1715] by Defoe, Addison, Steele, Swift, and a large group of lesser lights. Their common characteristic is allegiance to a political party....What journalists of every type see as their proper task is to form public opinion.

Maybe the idea of unbiased reporting is merely another canard?